How some countries of the Spanish-speaking regions got their name.
When Sebastian Gaboto (Sebastian Gaboto) passed in 1526 the mouth of the River Uruguay in the Atlantic, he saw a huge amount of silver in the hands of the Indians and the territory called the Black River or in Spanish, Rio de la Plata.
Gaboto did not know that area of Argentina never abounded silver and the precious metal in the hands of the Indians actually predatory prey kidnapped the Portuguese naval expedition. Argentina itself has received “valuable” name, from the Latin translation of the word silver – argentum.
The South American country on the Pacific coast, was named thanks to its geographical position – running through it imaginary circle that surrounds the earth equidistant from the poles – the equator. The word comes from the Latin equator æquus (same, same).
Spain name derives from the Greek word Hispania to its variety spaniel first mentioned geographer Artemidor of Ephesus (Artemidorus Ephesius) in the first century BC. In the same period, exceeding the Latin and find it with Julius Caesar (Julius Caesar), which is signified by the word Hispania area around the river Ebro.
The unification of Castile and Aragon wedding Catholic Kings (Los Reyes Católicos), Hispania is fixed as the name of the newly formed country. There are many theories about the origin of this name. It is believed that comes from the word Isephanim.
On the Punic, who spoke Phoenicians from Carthage, this word means “shore rabbits”, which was a lot in Andalusia, where the Phoenicians founded Cadiz, the oldest city in Western Europe, three thousand years ago. In support of this hypothesis is the fact that the Roman money in Hadrian’s epoch of Spain was represented as a lady who sits next to the rabbit legs.
Guatemala name pinned Spanish conquistadors adapting Spanish term Quauhtemallan, as the nauatl language means “a forested landscape,” the vast expanses of forest. Guatemala is the cradle of Mayan civilization, especially known for its achievements in the field of astronomy, which is a Hollywood production led to ekranizuje supposed Mayan prophecy about the end of the world in 2012.
When Columbus (Cristóbal Colón), after attending Mass in the territory of Honduras, krenuonazad for Europe, surprised by the cyclone, so strong that his ship was on the verge of sinking along with crew.
Fortunately, after surviving the horrors of the weather calmed down and people were rescued. Legend has it that Columbus then exclaimed: “Gracias a Dios que hemos escapado de aquellas Honduras!” ( “Thank God we got rid of those depths”). That is the terrible depths (Honduras), this country got its name.
The origin of the title of Mexico found in nauatl language, the words metztli (month), xictli (center) and co (adverbial suffix for the city). According to this theory, the name of Mexico means “place in the center of the Month” or “city in the lake of the Month” as the Aztec people called the lake Tekskoko, where he built Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, which at the height of its power was one of the greatest cities of the world !
According to some authors, the symbolic meaning of Mexico would be, “center of the world”. According to the less recognized theory, Mexico actually means “the place where he lives Huitsilopoćtli”, or the sun-god and patron saint of Tenochtitlan, which the Aztecs called and Mexi.